Governance of Earth Systems: Science and Its Uses

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Global Supply Chains, Standards and the Poor. Ecological Migrants.

New directions in earth system governance research

Global Sustainability. The Third Industrial Revolution. The Blackwell Companion to Globalization. A Consumers' Republic. The Atlas of Global Inequalities. Globalization and the Developing Countries. Other titles from Palgrave. Science and Controversy. Resurrection Science. Debating Nature's Value.

Animal Cognition. Are Species Real? Wildlife Trafficking. Green Politics. The question is how we as social scientists can understand the new findings on the Anthropocene. You have to talk about governing the social systems. Earth system governance is not about world government, or about governing the Earth system. It is about governing social systems in a way that you prevent drastic Earth system disruption.

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And why do we need this Earth system governance research programme now? Frank - Scientists and policy makers in the 20 th Century gained much experience in understanding and managing single ecosystems, such as river basins, forests or lakes. In the 21 st Century, they are faced with one of the largest political problems humankind has had to deal with: protecting the entire Earth system, including most of its subsystems, nonlinear developments, feedbacks and interlinkages. Building stable institutions that guarantee a sustainable co-evolution of natural and social systems at a planetary scale is thus a major challenge.

It forces society to address questions about the goals of sustainable development, about the concrete directions of human development, and about the underlying normative assumptions.

Ultimately, in order to achieve a stable climate, it will be necessary to achieve zero net emissions — reducing emissions significantly and counteracting any remaining emissions through carbon dioxide removal. Until we reach this point, policymakers may consider a combination of both sets of techniques as a means to avoid the worst effects of climate change. However, governance issues arising out of the broad range of proposed geoengineering techniques, in particular solar radiation management, pose a range of challenges. There is currently no systematic, coherent set of global governance frameworks in place to guide further research, facilitate decision making and guide potential deployment.

Governance, in this instance, goes beyond control and decision making, and includes the effective participation of those who would be affected and impacted, as well as their access to prior, relevant information.

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Both carbon dioxide removal and solar radiation techniques would have environmental and socio-economic impacts. A growing number of scientists believe that the aggregate risks of side-effects from climate geoengineering would be small in comparison to the reduction of climate risks. However, the distribution and severity of impacts would often be unequal, and often affect the most vulnerable.

Earth System Governance

Deployment therefore raises issues regarding the criteria and, most importantly, the mechanisms used to make decisions about ways of balancing possible positive global impacts and negative regional or local impacts, including the need for potential compensation to affected populations. Another set of issues relate to the dangers of unilateral interventions. There are plausible scenarios where a country or a group of countries unilaterally decide to move toward deployment of solar radiation management — with or without agreement from the international community.

In the absence of multilateral agreements there is a possibility that a small group of countries, a single country, a large company or indeed a wealthy individual might take unilateral action on climate geoengineering. Physical, chemical, and biological processes that determine the chemical composition of seawater.

Air-sea gas exchange, carbonate chemistry, and chemical equilibria, nutrient and trace element cycling, particle reactivity, sediment chemistry, and diagenesis. Examination of chemical tracers of mixing and circulation and feedbacks of ocean processes on atmospheric chemistry and climate.

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In the next two decades floods, droughts and famine caused by climate change will displace more than million people around the world. In this course students will develop an increased understanding of how different stakeholders including scientists, aid organizations, locals, policy makers, activists, and media professionals communicate the climate change crisis. They will select a site experiencing the devastating effects and research the voices telling the stories of those sites and the audiences who are or are not listening.

Students might want to investigate drought-ridden areas such as the Central Valley of California or Darfur, Sudan; Alpine glaciers melting in the Alps or in Alaska; the increasingly flooded Pacific islands; the hurricane ravaged Gulf Coast, among many others. Students will write and submit their article for publication. Individual conferences with instructor and peer workshops. Prerequisite: first two levels of the writing requirement or equivalent transfer credit. Physical, chemical, and biological processes within soil systems.

Emphasis is on factors governing nutrient availability, plant growth and production, land-resource management, and pollution within soils. How to classify soils and assess nutrient cycling and contaminant fate. Recommended: introductory chemistry and biology. Intermediate Writing: Stanford Science Podcast.

In this course, students will explore how podcasts can be used as a tool for effective science communication.

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Through a series of workshops and guest speakers, students in this course will learn the necessary journalistic and technical skills to produce high quality podcast episodes, from interviewing and storytelling to audio editing and digital publishing. Podcast episodes will highlight the cutting edge research being done at Stanford, and students will choose specific stories based on their own interests, from earth sciences to public health to big data.

Final podcast episodes will be published on iTunes. How microorganisms shape the geochemistry of the Earth's crust including oceans, lakes, estuaries, subsurface environments, sediments, soils, mineral deposits, and rocks.

STI Systems and Governance | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Topics include mineral formation and dissolution; biogeochemical cycling of elements carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, and metals ; geochemical and mineralogical controls on microbial activity, diversity, and evolution; life in extreme environments; and the application of new techniques to geomicrobial systems. This course will advance students understanding of economic, legal, and political approaches to avoiding or managing the problem of global climate change.

Theoretical contributions as well as empirical analyses will be considered. It will address economic issues, legal constraints, and political challenges associated with various emissions-reduction and adaptation strategies, and it will consider policy efforts at the local, national, and international levels. Specific topics include: interactions among overlapping climate policies, the strengths and weaknesses of alternative policy instruments, trade-offs among alternative policy objectives, and decision making under uncertainty. Service-learning course that exposes students to sustainability concepts and urban planning as a tool for determining sustainable outcomes in the Bay Area.

Focus will be on the relationship of land use and transportation planning to housing and employment patterns, mobility, public health, and social equity. Topics will include government initiatives to counteract urban sprawl and promote smart growth and livability, political realities of organizing and building coalitions around sustainability goals, and increasing opportunities for low-income and communities of color to achieve sustainability outcomes. Students will participate in team-based projects in collaboration with local community partners and take part in significant off-site fieldwork.

Prerequisites: consent of the instructor. Cardinal Course certified by the Haas Center. Data for Sustainable Development. The sustainable development goals SDGs encompass many important aspects of human and ecosystem well-being that are traditionally difficult to measure.

This project-based course will focus on ways to use inexpensive, unconventional data streams to measure outcomes relevant to SDGs, including poverty, hunger, health, governance, and economic activity. Students will apply machine learning techniques to various projects outlined at the beginning of the quarter.

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The main learning goals are to gain experience conducting and communicating original research. Open to both undergraduate and graduate students. A permission code will be given to admitted students to register for the class. Introduction to Physical Oceanography. Formerly CEE The dynamic basis of oceanography. Topics: physical environment; conservation equations for salt, heat, and momentum; geostrophic flows; wind-driven flows; the Gulf Stream; equatorial dynamics and ENSO; thermohaline circulation of the deep oceans; and tides. Environmental Geochemistry.