China. Cultural Revolution Or Counter-Revolutionary Coup?

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She allied with three other radicals — Zhang Chunqiao — , Yao Wenyuan — and Wang Hongwen — — to purge their political enemies.

What Was China's Cultural Revolution and Why Was It So Violent?

They were involved in a power struggle with Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping. The first purge began in after Mao slammed Deng for his attempts to hold back the Red Guard movement. His brother committed suicide and his son Deng Pufang was left crippled. We have been experiencing some problems with subscriber log-ins and apologise for the inconvenience caused. Until we resolve the issues, subscribers need not log in to access ST Digital articles. But a log-in is still required for our PDFs. Skip to main content.

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Jason Ou. Around the time of the May Fourth Movement, hundreds of thousands of students courageously took their place in the van. In these respects the May Fourth Movement went a step beyond the Revolution of The Communist Party of China was founded in After a period of slow growth and alliance with the Kuomintang Chinese Nationalist Party , the alliance broke down and the Communists fell victim in to a purge carried out by the Kuomintang under the leadership of Chiang Kai-shek.

During the Japanese invasion and occupation , the Communists built more secret bases in the Japanese occupied zones and relied on them as headquarters.

The Nationalists had an advantage in both troops and weapons, controlled a much larger territory and population, and enjoyed broad international support. The Communists were well established in the north and northwest.

Chronology of Mass Killings during the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1966-1976)

The best-trained Nationalist troops had been killed in early battles against the better equipped Japanese Army and in Burma, while the Communists had suffered less severe losses. The Soviet Union , though distrustful, provided aid to the Communists, and the United States assisted the Nationalists with hundreds of millions of dollars' worth of military supplies, as well as airlifting Nationalist troops from central China to Manchuria , an area Chiang Kai-shek saw as strategically vital to retake.

Chiang determined to confront the PLA in Manchuria and committed his troops in one decisive battle in the autumn of The strength of Nationalist troops in July was 4. Chiang Kai-shek , , Nationalist troops, and about two million Nationalist-sympathizer refugees retreated to the island of Taiwan. After that, resistance to the Communists on the mainland was substantial but scattered, such as in the far south.

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An attempt to take the Nationalist-controlled island of Kinmen was thwarted in the Battle of Kuningtou. In December Chiang proclaimed Taipei , Taiwan the temporary capital of the Republic, and continued to assert his government as the sole legitimate authority of all China, while the PRC government continued to call for the unification of all China. The last direct fighting between Nationalist and Communist forces ended with the Communist capture of Hainan Island in May , though shelling and guerrilla raids continued for a number of years.

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Below is the speech Chairman Mao Zedong had proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China on 1 October at pm on top of the Tiananmen:. The people throughout China have been plunged into bitter suffering and tribulations since the Chiang Kai-shek Kuomintang reactionary government betrayed the fatherland, colluded with imperialists, and launched the counter-revolutionary war. Fortunately our People's Liberation Army , backed by the whole nation, has been fighting heroically and selflessly to defend the territorial sovereignty of our homeland, to protect the people's lives and property, to relieve the people of their sufferings, and to struggle for their rights, and it eventually wiped out the reactionary troops and overthrew the reactionary rule of the Nationalist government.

Now, the People's War of Liberation has been basically won, and the majority of the people in the country have been liberated. On this foundation, the first session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference , composed of delegates of all the democratic parties and people's organization of China, the People's Liberation Army, the various regions and nationalities of the country, and the overseas Chinese and other patriotic elements, has been convened.

go to link At the same time, the Central People's Government Council decided to declare to the governments of all other countries that this government is the sole legal government representing all the people of the People's Republic of China. This government is willing to establish diplomatic relations with any foreign government that is willing to observe the principles of equality, mutual benefit, and mutual respect of territorial integrity and sovereignty. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

President and Director-General Chiang Kai-shek.

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  4. Kam-Lee yee Law, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, Hutchings, Graham. Lee, Hong Yung. Jinyi Luoedited by Kam-yee Law, New York: Palgrave Macmillan. MacFarquhar, Roderick, and Michael Schoenhals. Meisner, Maurice J. Schoenhals, Michael. Schoppa, R. New York: Columbia University Press. Song, Yongi.

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    Sciences Po, 25 Aug. Su, Yang. New York: Cambridge University Press. Unger, Jonathan. Walder, Andrew, and Yang Su. Walder, Andrew. London: Palgrave Macmillan. A seminal work on this is Chan, Rosen and Unger You must be logged in to post a comment. Mass Atrocity Endings. Skip to content. Home About Researchers.